By admin | May 25, 2017 | Posted in: Uncategorised
A Sardinian holiday is hardly complete without experiencing some of the region’s rich history, and there’s no better place than Nora to do just that. The historical town is only about 17 minutes up the SS195 road from Forte Village Resort.
Nora is one of the most important archaeological sites in Sardinia. The ancient Roman and pre-Roman town were originally inhabited by indigenous Sardinians before it became an emporium and then controlled by Phoenicians who built a thriving city in the 8th century BCE. Due to the city’s strategic position as the first stage on the route from Carthage to Sardinia, it became an important Punic centre, especially after the conquest of Carthage.
Nora passed from being ruled by Carthage to Roman domination after the defeat of Sardinia in 238 BCE and became the island‘s Roman capital. It began to decline after the Vandals conquered Sardinia in the 4th century CE. After the Arabs vanquished Carthage in the 7th century CE, the city became a mere fort, losing its economic capacity. During the 8th century CE, the city was largely uninhabited. Today, many different styles of architecture are seen in the excavated site.
A considerable portion of the former town of Nora has now been submerged by the sea as southern Sardinia continues to sink into the Mediterranean. Meanwhile, a substantial part of the prehistoric city belongs to the Italian Army and is yet to be excavated. The remains of the theatre on Nora’s ruins occasionally hosts summer concerts while the ruins are an open-air museum.
Interesting artefacts found in Nora include The Nora Stone. Found in 1773, the stone contains a Phoenician inscription dated to from either the early 8th century or the late 9th century BCE. It is believed to be making reference to an occupation of the area and a triumph for the Phoenician military.
Nora is about 12.5 kilometres from Forte Village Resort when you go through the Strada Statale 195 Sulcitana route. Visiting the ruins of Nora would normally require that you book days ahead with at least two persons in a group. You’ll have an expert guide who will narrate Nora’s unique history right from the occupation of the Phoenicians to Roman domination. As you walk through the remains of what used to be one of the most powerful cities in the region, you’ll have everything you see put in perspective for you. You’ll be amazed by some of the rooms which have maintained their original mosaic floor decorations as you work your imagination, trying to piece together what it might have all looked like in its heyday.
Sights to see include Tanit Hill and temple of Carthaginian Great Goddess, Tanit. There’s the Opus Africanum, a patrician villa with mosaics, Roman thermal baths, the Foro and the Roman Theatre. Depending on which tour you choose, you could have a minivan pick you up and take you through Cagliari and other parts of southern Sardinia before dropping you off at Forte Village.